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Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT)

1. Does the medical college admission test predict clinical reasoning skills? A longitudinal study employing the Medical Council of Canada clinical reasoning examination.
Predictive validity of the MCAT against the Medical Council of Canada Clinical Reasoning Exam.

2. Evaluating the Predictive Validity of MCAT Scores across Diverse Applicant Groups
No difference between the sexes in prediction errors was evident, performances of the three racial/ethnic minority groups tended to be overpredicted, with significant findings for Asians and Hispanics, and Caucasians’ performances tended to be underpredicted although the magnitude was quite small.

3. Longitudinal Study of Medical Students Selected for Admission to Medical School by Actuarial and Committee Methods
Between students who were chosen based on their MCAT scores and GPA and students who were chosen based on information that also included basic demographic data, information on extra-curricular activities, avocational interest, work experiences, and letters of recommendation, there was no difference in respect to their academic standing at the close of their sophomore year.

4. Reliability and Validity of Admissions Tools Used to Select Students for the Health Professions
Pre-admission overall grade point average is the best predictor of academic performance in all of the health professions. The MCAT is a good predictor of performance of medical students in terms of in-course grades and licensing examination scores but a similar test does not exist in the other health professions. Controversy remains as to the value of personal interviews and written submissions as selection tools.

5. Some Predictive Implications of Premedical Scientific Competence and Preferences
Ratings and adjectival descriptions of premedical students with above average scores on the four measures (MCAT scores, premedical grades in scientific subjects, preference for scientific subjects, and an equally weighted composite of these three) revealed them to be narrower in interests, less adaptable, less articulate, and less comfortable in interpersonal relationships than their lower scoring peers.

6. Validity of MCAT Scores for Predicting Clerkship Performance of Medical Students Grouped by Sex and Ethnicity
Results demonstrate that MCAT scores alone account for roughly a fifth of the variance in clerkship grades.

7. Validity of the Medical College Admission Test for Predicting Medical School Performance
MCAT scores almost double the proportion of variance in medical school grades explained by uGPAs and they also perform well as an indicator of academic preparation for medical school.